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Thursday, August 24, 2017

Active, Passive Voice



Active and passive sentences usually have the same meaning but the focus is different. In active sentences,
the thing doing the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing receiving the action is the object. Most sentences are active.

Active Voice



Sarmila         cleaned        the kitchen.
SUBJECT       ACTION        OBJECT


சர்மிலா சமையலறை சுத்தம் செய்தாள்.இங்கு குறித்த விடயத்தினை செய்பவர்(doer)வாக்கியத்தின் எழுவாயாக வருகின்றார்.


In passive sentences, the thing receiving the action is the subject of the sentence. We use a passive verb to say what happens to the subject. செயப்பாட்டு வினையினை(Passive voice) பொறுத்தவரை செயலுக்கு ஆட்படும் அம்சமானது எழுவாயாக வருவதோடு செயலினை செய்பவர் வசனத்தின் இறுதியில் வருவார்.

Passive Voice




The kitchen   was cleaned   by Sarmila
SUBJECT       ACTION        OBJECT


சமையலறை சர்மிலாவினால் சுத்தம் செய்யப்பட்டது.

Active Voice இல் காணப்படும் ஒரு வசனத்தினை Passive Voice  க்கு மாற்றும் போது பின்வரும் விடயங்கள் மாற்றத்திட்கு உள்ளாகும்.


1. எழுவாய், செயற்படுபொருள் இடம்மாறும். அதாவது active Active Voice voice இன் செயற்படுபொருள் Passive Voice இல் எழுவாயாகவும் , Active Voice voice இன் எழுவாய் Passive Voice இல் by உடன் சேர்ந்து வசனத்தின் இறுதியில் வரும்.


Active: He is playing cricket,
Passive : Cricket is being played by him.



2. Active Voice இல் காணப்படும் ஒரு வசனத்தினை Passive Voice  க்கு மாற்றும் போது வினைச் சொல்லிலும்(main verb), துணை வினை சொல்லிலும்(helping verb மாற்றம் வரும். வாக்கியத்தின் பிரதான வினைச்சொல் Past Participle ஆக வரும். இந்த மாற்றத்தினை பின்வருமாறு தொகுத்து நோக்கலாம்.

Passive and Tense
Active- செய்வினை
Passive- செயப்பாட்டுவினை
Present simple
am/are/is + past participle
She does the homework.
The homework is done (by her).
Present continuous
am/are/is + being + past participle
She is doing the homework.
The homework is being done (by her).
Present perfect
have/has + been + past participle
She has done the homework.
The homework has been done (by her).
Past simple
was/were + past participle
He did the homework.
The homework was done (by him).
Past continuous
was/were + being + past participle
He was doing the homework.
The homework was being done (by him).
Past perfect
had + been + past participle
He had done the homework.
The homework had been done (by him).
Future
will + be + past participle
She will do the homework.
The homework will be done (by her).
Future (going to)
am/are/is going to + be + past participle
He is going to do the homework.
The homework is going to be done (by him).
Infinitive
to be + past participle
She wants to do the homework.
She wants the homework to be done (by her).
Modal-Can, may, ought
modal + be + past participle
He can do the homework.
The homework can be done (by him).






Intransitive and stative verbs
Intransitive verbs are verbs that have a subject but don’t have an object. Ex: run, fall, die, sleep, and arrive
Stative verbs are verbs that show a state, quality or description of the subject.

Eg: be, feel, see, have, like, belong, need, love, like, think, believe, want, understand etc....

Intransitive and stative verbs cannot be used in the passive forms.

Passive sentence இல் by உடன் சேர்ந்து குறித்த செயலினை செய்பவர் (doer) வசனத்தின் இறுதியில் வருவார் ஆனால் குறித்த செயலினை செய்தவர் முக்கியமல்லாதவராக அல்லது அறியப்படாதவராக இருந்தால் doer தவிர்க்கப்படலாம்.

The  person  who  makes  the  action  is  introduced  by  the  preposition  “by”  in  the  . But in some cases the subject of the passive sentence is omitted, this happens when, who or what causes the action is unknown or unimportant.

Look at the examples:
Active
Passive
Ramya bought a book.
A book was bought by Ramya
A thief stole my car.
My car was stolen (by a thief).
I read the message.
The message is read (by me).
Someone has opened the window.
The window has been opened.
They are building a house.
A house is being built.
They are building three houses.
Three houses are being built.




Rewrite the sentences in passive voice. (Present continuous)
1.       Sheila is drinking a cup of tea.
....................................................................................................
2.       My father is washing the car.
....................................................................................................
3.       Milkmaid is milking the cows.
....................................................................................................
4.       She is taking a picture of him.
....................................................................................................
5.       I am writing a poem.
....................................................................................................
6.       We are not playing football.
....................................................................................................
7.       He is not wearing a tie.
....................................................................................................
8.       Is she preparing the party?
....................................................................................................
9.       Are they talking about the meeting?
....................................................................................................
10.   Is she watering the flowers?
                        ..................................................................................................

Rewrite the sentences in passive voice. (Present Perfect)
1.       Karalina has paid the bill when she got the bill.
....................................................................................................
2.       I have eaten a bun in the canteen.
....................................................................................................
3.       We have cycled five miles.
....................................................................................................
4.       I have opened the gift.
....................................................................................................
5.       They have not read the book.
....................................................................................................
6.       You have not sent the parcel. 
....................................................................................................
7.       We have not agreed to this proposal.
....................................................................................................
8.       Police have not caught the thieves. 
....................................................................................................
9.       Has she called him?
....................................................................................................
10.   Have they noticed us?
      ............................................................................................................

Rewrite the sentences in passive voice. (Past Perfect)

1.       I had worn blue shoes which were given by uncle.
....................................................................................................
2.       Jothi had cleaned the tables after she had the lunch.
....................................................................................................
3.       We had lost the key while we were returning from Pasikkuda.
....................................................................................................
4.       They had started a fight in the playground.
....................................................................................................
5.       I had read an article.
....................................................................................................
6.       I had not closed the window.
....................................................................................................
7.       They had not bought the paper.
....................................................................................................
8.       She had not noticed me before I introduced myself.
....................................................................................................
9.       Had she solved the problem?
....................................................................................................
10.   Had he recorded that song while I was singing?
....................................................................................................

Rewrite the sentences in passive voice.(Past continuous)

1.       We were talking about Farhadhi.
....................................................................................................
2.       He was playing the guitar.
....................................................................................................
3.       She was watching a film.
....................................................................................................
4.       I was repairing their bikes.
....................................................................................................
5.       They were not eating dinner.
....................................................................................................
6.       We were not painting the gate.
....................................................................................................
7.       You were not driving him home.
....................................................................................................
8.       He was not feeding the pigeons.
....................................................................................................
9.       Was she reading these proverbs?
....................................................................................................
10.   Were they carrying bags?
....................................................................................................

Rewrite the sentences in passive voice.(Future perfect)

1.       Firnas will have ordered the package.
....................................................................................................
2.       You will have spent all the money.
....................................................................................................
3.       I will have taken the cow for a medical checkup.
....................................................................................................
4.       She will have sold the car.
....................................................................................................
5.       The parliamentarian will have solved the problem.
....................................................................................................
6.       Radha will not have read the book.
....................................................................................................
7.       Police will not have trusted him.
....................................................................................................
8.       He won't have rung Bala.
....................................................................................................
9.       Will they have paid the bill?
....................................................................................................
10.   Will you have washed my socks?
....................................................................................................

    Rewrite the following sentences by means of the passive.
1.            Millions Of people have bought today’s Virakesari
Today’s Virakesari has been bought by millions of people            
2.            They will open a new online shop this week.
                ............................................................................................................
3.            Everybody can visit the exhibition from 9 am to 4 pm.
                ............................................................................................................
4.            Hundreds of millions of people use social networks.
                ..........................................................................................................
5.            We will finish the work by noon.
                ............................................................................................................
6.            He didn’t pay the bill on time.
                ............................................................................................................
7.            They build that house on sandy soil.
                ............................................................................................................
8.            The government must deal with the problem of unemployment.
                ............................................................................................................
9.            The doctor ordered me to take some rest.
                ............................................................................................................


Rewrite the sentences in the active. When you don’t have a subject use they.

1.       I have been woken up by a strange noise.
A strange noise has woken me up.
2.       Romeo and Juliet was written by Shakespeare.
....................................................................................................
3.       A lot of souvenirs are bought by tourists.
....................................................................................................
4.       He has been taken away by the police.
....................................................................................................
5.       Their house won’t be sold.
....................................................................................................
6.       We weren’t told that there was a strike.
....................................................................................................

Rephrase the sentences in two ways. Omit unimportant agents.

1.            The teacher asked us a difficult question.
                A difficult question was asked us by the teacher              
We were asked a difficult question by the teacher

2.            He has served us a wonderful meal.
                ............................................................................................................
                ............................................................................................................

Test 13 (O/L – 2011)

Given below is an interview between a journalist and a student Rasika regarding the school magazine. Complete it using the correct tense of the passive verb form. The first one is done for you.


Journalist: So you are going to publish a school magazine! Who gave you the funds for the magazine?
Rasika : The funds (1) were given by the past pupils of our school.
Journalist : Oh see, What is it called?
Rasika : lt (2) ……………………………………….”The Young Inventor”.
Journalist : Who wrote the articles for "The Young Inventor”.
Rasika : The articles (3) ……………………………………….by Grade 11 students.
Journalist : Great I am sure you have used illustrations pictures and photographs. Who provided the Illustration?
Rasika : The Illustrations (4) ………………………………………. by the writers themselves.
Journalist : Now tell me about the editing of the magazine. Who will do the editing?
Rasika : Editing (5) ……………………………………….by our class teacher.
Journalist : You said the grade 11 students wrote the articles. Will the organizers give a prize for the best article?
Rasika : Yes, the best article (6) ……………………………………….a cash prize by the organizers.
Journalist : Thank you, I am sure it is going to be a very useful magazine.



Test 12 (O/L – 2014)

Complete the following passage using passive form of the given verb in the correct tense. There are present, past and future passive forms. The first one is done for you

The first Olympic Games (1) were held (hold) at Olympia, in ancient Greece, nearly 3000 years ago. The Games
(2) ………………………………………. (ban) in 393 AD. In 1896 the modern Games (3) ………………………………………. (revive) in Athens by a Frenchman called Pierre de Coubertin. Before the Games begin, the Olympic torch (4) ………………………………………. (light) at Olympus by a mirror reflecting the sun. The runners carry it to the city where the Games take place.

The Olympic Games (5)
………………………………………. (hold) every four years. Do you know where the next Games (6) ……………………………………….  (hold)?


Test 11 (O/L – 2009)

Read the following passage and complete the dialogue using the passive voice. The first one is done for you.

Someone broke into Mrs. Jayalath's house during the weekend. The thief took some jewellery. But he didn't do any damage. A young policewoman interviewed Mrs. Jayalath. The police found some fingerprints and the police computer identified the thief. The police have arrested a man and are questioning him.

Mrs Jayalath:  Our house was broken into last weekend
Mrs. Silva : Oh, No!
Mrs Jayalath :  Some jewellery was taken but no damage (1) was done
Mrs. Silva : Did the police come and see you?
Mrs. Jayalath : Yes of course. I (2) ……………………………………….
by a young policewoman
Mrs. Silva  : Do they know who the thief was?
Mrs Jayalath : Oh, yes. some (3) ………………………………………. and the (4) ………………………………………. by the police computer
A man (5) ……………………………………….
and he (6) ……………………………………





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