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Thursday, August 24, 2017

Irregular Plural

Irregular Plural
For the lesson on regular plurals of noun, refer grade six English pupil’s book (New syllabus) pp:-29-30

Singular
Plural
Singular
Plural
addendum
addenda or addendums
goose
geese
aircraft
aircraft
graffito
graffiti
alumna
alumnae
grouse
grouse or grouses
alumnus
alumni
half
halves
analysis
analyses
hoof
hooves or hoofs
antenna
antennae or antennas
hypothesis
hypotheses
antitheses
index
indices or indexes
apex
apices or apexes
larva
larvae 
appendices or appendixes
libretto
libretti or librettos
axis
axes
loaf
loaves
bacillus
bacilli
locus
loci
bacterium
bacteria
louse
lice
basis
bases
man
men
beau
beaux or beaus
matrix
matrices or matrixes
bison
bison
media or mediums
bureau
bureaux or bureaus
memoranda or memorandums
cactus
cacti or cactus or cactuses
minutia
minutiae
chateau
chateaux or chateaus
moose
moose
child
children
mouse
mice
codex
codices
nebula
nebulae or nebulas
concerto
concerti or concertos
nucleus
nuclei or nucleuses
corpora
oasis
oases
crisis
crises
offspring
offspring 
criteria or criterions
opus
opera or opuses
curriculum
curricula or curriculums
ovum
ova
datum
data
ox
oxen or ox
deer
deer 
parentheses
diagnosis
diagnoses
phenomenon
phenomena 
die
dice or dies
phylum
phyla
dwarf           
dwarves or dwarfs
prognosis
prognoses
ellipses
quiz
quizzes
erratum
errata
radius
radii or radiuses
faux pas
faux pas
referendum
referenda or referendums
fez
fezzes 
salmon
salmon or salmons
fish
fish or fishes
scarf
scarves or scarfs
focus
foci or focuses
self
selves
foot
feet or foot
series
series
formula
formulae or formulas
sheep
sheep
fungus
fungi or funguses
shrimp
shrimp or shrimps
genus
genera 
species
species




stimulus
stimuli
trout
trout 
stratum
strata
tuna
tuna or tunas
swine
swine
vertebra
vertebrae or vertebras
syllabus
syllabi or syllabuses
vertex
vertices or vertexes
symposium
symposia or symposiums
vita
vitae
synopses
vortex
vortices or vortexes
tableau
tableaux or tableaus
wharf
wharves or wharfs
theses
wife
wives
thief
thieves
wolf
wolves
tooth
teeth
woman
women

Compound noun plural - கூட்டு-பெயர்ச்சொற்கள்
Compound nouns are nouns made up of two or more words. In compound noun we have to find principal word and make the principal word plural.
Example:
Mother-in-law
Here the principal word is mother. So, the plural of noun is mothers-in-law.

Singular
Plural
a tennis shoe
three tennis shoes
one assistant headmaster
five assistant headmasters
the sergeant major
some sergeants major
a mother-in-law
two mothers-in-law
an assistant secretary of state
three assistant secretaries of state
my toothbrush
our toothbrushes
lieutenant general
lieutenant generals
a woman-doctor
four women-doctors
a doctor of philosophy
two doctors of philosophy
Guest-of-honour
Guests-of-honour
a passerby, a passer-by
two passersby, two passers-by
teaspoonful
teaspoonfuls
car wheel
car wheels
Bucketful of water
Bucketfuls of water
Cupful of rice
Cupfuls of rice
order-in-council

Water bottle

Paperclip

Snowman

Court-martial

tool box

Forget-me-not

Jack-in-the-box

good-for-nothing

higher-up

grown-up

Filler-in

hanger-on

maker-up

handfuls

sackfuls


Collective noun and pluralisation
Collective nouns are nouns which stand for a group or collection of people or things. Some collective nouns can take a singular or plural verb, depending on context

Examples: Collective noun
army
audience
board
cabinet
class
committee
company
corporation
council
department
faculty
family
firm
group
jury
majority
minority
navy
public
school
senate
society
team
troupe

The jury delivers itsverdict.
A dozen is probably not enough.
The government is doing a good job
My family has settled in Amapara.
My team is “Roaring Lion”.
My team is really playing well. (think of individual)
The audience was larger than average.
The audience were all cheering.
The number of applicants is increasing.
A numberof students are waiting for their turn.
One ofthe students in this room is responsible.
Exercise
Complete the sentences with the correct plural form of the word in bracket

1. There were three ______________ in the room. (child)
2. I lost two _______________ last year. (tooth)
3. The ________________ were eating cheese. (mouse)
4. We saw ten _______________ flying south. (goose)
5. The four _____________ were working. (man)
6. My ___________ were hurting after the hike. (foot)

Choose the correct answer.


1. Which is the correct plural?
1.       Passer-bys
2.       Passers-by
3.       Either could be used

2.Which is the correct plural?
1.       Lay-by
2.       Lay-bys
3.       Either could be used

3.Which is the correct plural?
1.       Mother-in-laws
2.       Mothers-in-law
3.       Either could be used

4.Which is the correct plural?
1.       Woman judges
2.       Women judge
3.       Women judges

5.Which is the correct plural?
1.       Travels agency
2.       Travel agencys
3.       Travel agencies

6. Which is the correct plural?
1.       Bus stations
2.       Buses station
3.       Buses stations

7- Which is the correct plural?
1.       Antique shops
2.       Antiques shop
3.       Antiques shops

8-Which is the correct plural?
1.       Physic teachers
2.       Physics teacher
3.       Physics teachers

9 Which is the correct plural?
1.       Runner-up
2.       Runners-up
3.       Runners-ups

10 Which is the correct plural?
1.       Shoes shop
2.       Shoe shops
3.       Either could be used

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